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Labor Events and Resources Blog

Compiled by Terence K. Huwe and the staff of the IRLE Library

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Urban Institute Report: Taxes and Inequality

 

Urban Institute (UI)

 

Taxes and Inequality

by Leonard E. Burman

http://www.urban.org/publications/413067.html

or

http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/413067-Taxes-and-Inequality.pdf

[full-text, 30 pages]

 

This paper reviews historical trends in economic inequality and tax policy’s role in reducing it. It documents the various reasons why income inequality continues to rise, paying particular attention to the interplay between regressive and progressive federal and state taxes. The report also considers the trade-off between the social welfare gains that a more equal distribution of incomes would provide, and the economic costs of using the tax system to reduce inequality, highlighting the fact that income inequality reflects an amalgam of factors. The optimal policy response reflects that complexity.

 


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 2:54 PM 0 comments


Are the Long-Term Unemployed on the Margins of the Labor Market?

Are the Long-Term Unemployed on the Margins of the Labor Market? 

Alan B. Krueger, Princeton University & NBER

Judd Cramer, Princeton University

David Cho, Princeton University

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/projects/bpea/spring%202014/2014a_krueger.pdf

[full-text, 59 pages]

 

 


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 2:52 PM 0 comments


Private Health Insurance Market Reforms in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

 

Congressional Research Service (CRS)

 

Private Health Insurance Market Reforms in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Annie L. Mach, Analyst in Health Care Financing

Bernadette Fernandez, Specialist in Health Care Financing

March 13, 2014

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42069.pdf

[full-text, 24 pages]

 


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 2:51 PM 0 comments


Monthly Labor Review (as of 19 March 2014)


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 2:49 PM 0 comments


Friday, February 07, 2014

Working Conditions Laws 2012: A Global Review

 

 

From: bounce-112493013-6296441@list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-112493013-6296441@list.cornell.edu] On Behalf Of Stuart M. Basefsky
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 6:08 AM
To: Undisclosed recipients:
Subject: [IWS] ILO: WORKING CONDITIONS LAWS 2012: A GLOBAL REVIEW [6 February 2014]

 

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

Internatinal Labour Organization (ILO)

 

Working Conditions Laws 2012: A Global Review

http://www.ilo.org/travail/whatwedo/publications/WCMS_235155/lang--en/index.htm

or

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---travail/documents/publication/wcms_235155.pdf

[full-text, 352 pages]

 

This report provides an international comparative legal information on national working conditions legislation and highlights global and regional trends in over 150 countries. The report covers national legislation in three fundamental working conditions: working hours, minimum wages, and maternity protection. The report aims to provide ILO constituents, policymakers, and researchers with comparative legal information on these issues as they consider legislation and policies that impact on workplaces and their workforce.

 

 

ReBlog:  IWS

 


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Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet

 

Congressional Research Service (CRS)

 

Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet

Craig K. Elwell, Specialist in Macroeconomic Policy

January 8, 2014

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42973.pdf

[full-text, 4 pages]

 

[excerpt]

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938 established the hourly minimum wage rate at

25 cents for covered workers.1 Since then, it has been raised 22 separate times, in part to

keep up with rising prices. Most recently, in July 2009, it was increased to $7.25 an hour.

Because there have been some extended periods between these adjustments while inflation

generally has increased, the real value (purchasing power) of the minimum wage has decreased

substantially over time.

 

 

ReBlog: IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:06 AM 0 comments


Monthly Labor Review

Monthly Labor Review
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/

 

 

Examination of state-level labor turnover survey data [01/31/2014]

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2014/article/examination-of-state-level-labor-turnover-survey-data-1.htm

or

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2014/article/pdf/examination-of-state-level-labor-turnover-survey-data.pdf

[full-text, 24 pages]

 

From 1954–1981, the Labor Turnover Survey (LTS) provided labor demand-related data at the state level. For this

article, LTS time series data were compared and states were chosen based on the length of their LTS series, continuity

of series, and the geographic representation. Florida, Michigan, New York, Oregon, and Virginia were selected, and

the data analyzed both from the business cycle perspective and for specific economic events in those states. The

discussion includes LTS methodology and definitions of the data elements produced by the U.S. Bureau of Labor

Statistics and the states. The article also discusses the differences in definitions and methodology between the LTS and

the current Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey program.

 

Comparing new final-demand producer price indexes with other government price indexes 01/28/2014
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2014/article/pdf/comparing-new-final-demand-producer-price-indexes-with-other-government-price-indexes.pdf

[full-text, 17 pages]

Analyses of the PPI for personal consumption and the CPI-U, the PPI for export goods and the IPP export index, and the PPI for final demand and the BEA price indexes for GDP and gross domestic purchases
reveal that (1) the PPI for personal consumption and the CPI-U differ in scope and coverage, categorization, and other technical areas; (2) the PPI for export goods and the IPP export index are similar in scope, but differ because the IPP export index is constructed from actual export prices whereas the PPI for export goods uses commodity prices as proxies for export prices; and (3) the PPI for final demand and the BEA price indexes for GDP and for gross domestic purchases differ as a result of calculation formulas, coverage, and their respective treatments of government and international transactions.

 

Analyzing price movements within the Producer Price Index Final Demand–Intermediate Demand aggregation system 01/28/2014
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2014/article/pdf/analyzing-price-movements-within-the-producer-price-index-final-demand-intermediate-demand-aggregation-system.pdf

[full-text, 22 pages]

Since the late 1970s, the Producer Price Index (PPI) has employed the Stage of Processing (SOP) system as its main publication structure. The SOP system is composed of price indexes for goods (1) sold to households, (2) as capital investment, and (3) as business inputs. The Final Demand–Intermediate Demand (FD–ID) aggregation system was introduced on an experimental basis in January 2011 and will become the PPI’s main publication structure in early 2014. The FD–ID aggregation system includes price indexes for goods, services, and nonresidential construction sold to final demand (households, government, exports, and capital investment) and to intermediate demand (business inputs). This article presents and analyzes limited historical data on the basis of the FD–ID system. As background to this analysis, the article reviews economic and commodity price trends from November 2009 through June 2012, the period for which the new aggregate data are investigated. The article then analyzes historical price movements for the final-demand indexes and the intermediate-demand-by-commodity-type portion of the system, provides a description of the intermediate-demand-by-production flow treatment, and examines price transmission within the production flow portion of the system.

 

ReBlog:  IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:05 AM 0 comments


Japanese Working Life Profile 2013/2014--Labor Statistics

Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training (JILPT)

 

Japanese Working Life Profile 2013/2014--Labor Statistics

http://www.jil.go.jp/english/jwl/index.htm

or

http://www.jil.go.jp/english/jwl/2013-2014/all.pdf

[full-text, 98 pages]

 

This booklet contains selected labor statistics to present a profile of Japanese workers from various perspectives. It covers basic statistical data to give a whole picture of Japanese labor situation, such as indices for economic environment, employment situation, working conditions, family life and social security policy. Also, it provides statistics on some topics dealing with current labor issues in Japan, including employment of elderly workers, increasing non-regular workers, foreign workers / labor migration, various working types, changing labor management relations, and so on.

 

ReBlog:  IWS 


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:04 AM 0 comments


Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

 

Congressional Research Service (CRS)

 

Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Katelin P. Isaacs,  Analyst in Income Security

January 30, 2014

https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/98-810.pdf

[full-text, 23 pages]

 

Summary

Most civilian federal employees who were hired before 1984 are covered by the Civil Service

Retirement System (CSRS). Federal employees hired in 1984 or later are covered by the Federal

Employees’ Retirement System (FERS). Both CSRS and FERS require participants to contribute

toward the cost of their pensions through a payroll tax. Employees who are covered by CSRS

contribute 7.0% of pay to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund (CSRDF). They do

not pay Social Security taxes or earn Social Security benefits. Employees enrolled in FERS and

first hired before 2013 contribute 0.8% of their pay to the CSRDF. Employees enrolled in FERS

and first hired in 2013 contribute 3.1% of pay to the CSRDF. Employees enrolled in FERS and

first hired after 2013 contribute 4.4% of pay to the CSRDF. All employees enrolled in FERS

contribute 6.2% of wages up to the Social Security taxable wage base ($117,000 in 2014) to the

Social Security trust fund.

 

The minimum retirement age (MRA) under CSRS is 55 for workers who have at least 30 years of

service. The FERS MRA is 55 for employees born before 1948. The MRA for employees born

between 1953 and 1964 is 56, increasing to the age of 57 for those born in 1970 or later. Both

FERS and CSRS allow retirement with an unreduced pension at the age of 60 for employees with

20 or more years of service and at the age of 62 for employees with at least 5 years of service.

 

The Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) is a retirement savings plan similar to the 401(k) plans provided by

many employers in the private sector. In 2014, employees covered under either CSRS or FERS

can contribute up to $17,500 to the TSP. Employees aged 50 and older can contribute an

additional $5,500 to the TSP. Employees under FERS receive employer matching contributions of

up to 5% of pay from the federal agency by which they are employed. Federal workers covered

by CSRS also can contribute to the TSP, but they receive no matching contributions from their

employing agencies.

 

The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) estimates the cost of CSRS to be an amount equal

to 26.0% of employee pay. The federal government pays 19.0% of this amount and the other

7.0% is paid by employees. OPM estimates the cost of the FERS basic annuity at an amount

equal to 12.7% of pay. For FERS employees first hired before 2013, the federal government

contributes 11.9% of this amount and the other 0.8% is paid by employees. For FERS employees

first hired in 2013 or later, the federal government contributes 9.6% of this amount; employees

hired in 2013 pay the remaining 3.1% and employees hired after pay 4.4% (with the additional

sums above the cost of FERS going to pay down the CSRS unfunded liability). There are three

other employer costs for employees under FERS. Both the employer and employee pay Social

Security taxes equal to 6.2% of pay up to the maximum taxable amount; agencies automatically

contribute an amount equal to 1% of employee pay to the TSP; and agencies make matching

contributions to the TSP equal to up to 4% of pay.

 

At the end of FY2011, the CSRDF had an unfunded liability of $761.5 billion, consisting of a

$741.4 billion deficit for CSRS and a $20.1 billion deficit for FERS. Although the civil service

trust fund has an unfunded liability, it is not in danger of becoming insolvent. OPM projects that

the balance of the CSRDF will continue to grow through at least 2080, at which point it will hold

assets equal to more than 5.3 times total payroll and about 20 times total annual benefit payments.

 

This report also summarizes relevant legislation in the 113th Congress that would make significant

changes to federal benefits and financing, including P.L. 113-67, S. 18, S. 1678, and H.R. 3639.

 

ReBlog:  IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:02 AM 0 comments


Early Childhood Education and Care: Working Conditions and Training Opportunities

 

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Dublin Foundation)

 

Early Childhood Education and Care: Working Conditions and Training Opportunities [27 January 2014]

http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef13101.htm

or

http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/pubdocs/2013/101/en/1/EF13101EN.pdf

[full-text, 148 pages]

 

Authors:

Molinuevo, Daniel; Ahrendt, Daphne; Buxbaum, Adi; Moser, Winfried

 

Summary:

The aim of this working paper is to provide information about the working conditions and in-service training opportunities of early childhood education and care (ECEC) workers and to describe how these factors are linked to outcomes for children. This paper is part of the research project ‘Assessing childcare services’ being carried out by Eurofound in 2013 and 2014. The project focuses on the two dimensions of early childhood education and care that have been the main focus of policy initiatives at European level: ensuring that services are accessible and that they are of good quality.

 

 

ReBlog: IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:01 AM 0 comments


Immigration Enforcement Actions: 2012

 

 

 

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

 

Immigration Enforcement Actions: 2012 [23 January 2014]

http://www.dhs.gov/publication/immigration-enforcement-actions-2012

or

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/ois_enforcement_ar_2012_0.pdf

[full-text, 8 pages]

 

This report presents information on the apprehension, detention, return, and removal of foreign nationals in Fiscal Year 2012.

 

Key findings in this report include:

 

• CBP determined 194,000 foreign nationals were inadmissible.

• DHS apprehended 643,000 foreign nationals; 70 percent were citizens of Mexico.

• ICE detained approximately 478,000 foreign nationals, an all-time high.

• 230,000 foreign nationals were returned to their home countries without a removal order.

• DHS removed 419,000 foreign nationals from the United States.2 The leading countries of origin for those removed were Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.

• Expedited removal orders accounted for 163,000, or 39 percent, of all removals.

• Reinstatements of final orders accounted for 149,000, or 36 percent, of all removals.

• ICE removed 199,000 known criminal aliens from the United States, an all-time high.3

 

ReBlog: IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 9:59 AM 0 comments


Thursday, January 16, 2014

OSHA: New Resources to Protect Hospital Workers

 

WORKER SAFETY IN HOSPITALS: CARING FOR OUR CAREGIVERS [15 January 2014]

https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hospitals/

 

 

Press Release 15 January 2014
OSHA releases new resources to protect hospital workers and enhance patient safety
http://www.dol.gov/opa/media/press/osha/OSHA20140069.htm

 

 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration today launched a new educational Web resource, http://www.osha.gov/hospitals, which has extensive materials to help hospitals prevent worker injuries, assess workplace safety needs, enhance safe patient handling programs, and implement safety and health management systems. The materials include fact books, self-assessments and best practice guides.

"These new materials can help prevent hospital worker injuries and improve patient safety, while reducing costs," said Dr. David Michaels, assistant secretary of labor for occupational safety and health. "At the heart of these materials are the lessons from high-performing hospitals that have implemented best practices to reduce workplace injuries while also improving patient safety."

"By fostering research to identify injury risk factors and safety interventions, steps can be taken to save costs and enhance service to the patients," said Dr. John Howard, director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

The website's materials on safe patient handling are designed to address the most common type of injuries hospital workers face, and hospitals can use these resources to protect their workers, improve patient safety and reduce costs.

Hospital workers face serious hazards, including: lifting and moving patients, workplace violence, slips and falls, exposure to chemicals and hazardous drugs, exposures to infectious diseases and needlesticks. In 2012, U.S. hospitals recorded 250,000 work-related injuries and illnesses, almost 60,000 of which caused employees to miss work. Nationwide, workers' compensation losses result in a total annual expense of $2 billion for hospitals.

Michaels was joined on a call announcing the resources by Howard, Dr. Lucian Leape, chairman of the Lucian Leape Institute at the National Patient Safety Foundation, and Dr. Erin S. DuPree, chief medical officer and vice president of the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare.

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit http://www.osha.gov.

 

REBLOG:  IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:12 AM 0 comments


Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Pensions at a Glance 2013: Retirement-Income Systems in the OECD and G20 Countries

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

 

Pensions at a Glance 2013: Retirement-Income Systems in the OECD and G20 Countries [26 November 2013]

http://www.oecd.org/pensions/pensionsataglance.htm

or

http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/pensions-at-a-glance-2013_pension_glance-2013-en

[full-text, 368 pages]

This fifth edition of Pensions at a Glance provides a range of indicators for comparing pension policies and their outcomes between OECD countries. The indicators are also, where possible, provided for the other major economies that are members of the G20. Two special chapters (Chapters 1 and 2) provide deeper analysis of recent pension reforms and their impact and of the role of housing, financial wealth and public service for retirement income adequacy.

Chapter 1. Recent pensions reforms and their distributional impact

Chapter 2. Housing, financial wealth and public services for adequate living standards in old-age

Chapter 3. Design of pension systems

Chapter 4. Pension entitlements

Chapter 5. Income and poverty of older people

Chapter 6. Finances of retirement-income systems

Chapter 7. Demographic and economic context

Chapter 8. Private pensions and public pension reserves

Chapter 9. Pensions at a Glance 2013: Country profiles       

 

ReBlog:  IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 9:20 AM 0 comments


Friday, November 15, 2013

Industrial Relations and Working Conditions Developments in Europe 2012

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Dublin Foundation)

European Working Conditons Observatory (EWCO)

European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO)

COMPARATIVE STUDY

 

Industrial Relations and Working Conditions Developments in Europe 2012

http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/comparative/tn1304021s/index.htm

or

http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/comparative/tn1304021s/tn1304021s.htm

or

http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/docs/comparative/tn1304021s/tn1304021s.pdf

[full-text, 116 pages]

This annual review describes the main developments in industrial relations and working conditions in 2012 in the former 27 EU Member States and in Croatia and Norway, at both national and EU level. The report first sketches the current economic situation in these 29 countries, pointing to relevant political and legislative developments in individual countries. It discusses trends in industrial relations, including changes in the role and organisation of the social partners and the impact of government measures and legislation. The report highlights policies and initiatives, legislative developments and collective bargaining landmarks in five areas – employment conditions, wages, health and safety, skills and competencies, and working time – from the dual perspective of working conditions and industrial relations developments.

The study was compiled on the basis of individual national reports submitted by the EIRO and EWCO correspondents. The text of each of these national reports is available below. The reports have not been edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a questionnaire and should be read in conjunction with it.

The information in this report is based on individual reports for each country submitted by Eurofound’s network of correspondents – these reports have not been edited by Eurofound, but can be made available on request to mcr@eurofound.europa.eu or cce@eurofound.europa.eu

 


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 10:50 AM 0 comments


Thursday, October 03, 2013

The visible face of women's invisible labour, Domestic workers in Turkey, Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 42

 

ILO

Conditions of Work and Employment (TRAVAIL)

Working Paper

 

The visible face of women's invisible labour, Domestic workers in Turkey, Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 42

by Seyhan Erdogdu and Gülay Toksöz

http://www.ilo.org/travail/whatwedo/publications/WCMS_222892/lang--en/index.htm

or

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---travail/documents/publication/wcms_222892.pdf

[full-text, 65 pages]

 

The study highlights that informality is a predominant feature of domestic work in Turkey, a sector

largely comprised of women workers. For domestic workers recruited locally, informal channels such

as personal acquaintances play an important role in the quest for a job. Migrant domestic workers, on

the other hand, typically rely on intermediary agencies to obtain a job. The activities of unlicensed

agencies increase the workers’ vulnerability to psychological, physical and sexual harassment at work.

Long working hours, lack of social security coverage and casual employment are some other difficulties

facing domestic workers in Turkey. Presently, domestic workers are excluded from the scope of the

Labour Code, but are covered by the Law of Obligations. The authors of the study suggest that there is

need but also room for improving domestic workers’ access to social security and for strengthening the

legal framework addressing domestic workers’ needs and working conditions.

 

ReBlog:  IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 9:00 AM 0 comments


Friday, September 27, 2013

Labor Rights and Factory Safety in Bangladesh

Labor Rights and Factory Safety in Bangladesh

BANGLADESH ACTION PLAN 2013 [19 July 2013]

http://www.dol.gov/ilab/map/countries/bangladesh-gsp.htm

or

http://www.dol.gov/ilab/media/press/Statement-BangladeshFactoryFire.pdf

[full-text, 3 pages]

 

[excerpt]

Today, the Administration is making this action plan public as a means to reinforce and support the efforts of all international stakeholders to promote improved worker rights and worker safety in Bangladesh. On the basis of this action plan, the United States looks forward to continuing to work with Bangladesh on the actions it needs to take in relation to potential reinstatement of GSP benefits.

 

The United States is also pleased to associate itself with the July 8, 2013 European Union (EU)-Bangladesh-International Labor Organization (ILO) Sustainability Compact for continuous improvements in labour rights and factory safety in the ready-made garment and knitwear industry in Bangladesh (Compact). The United States looks forward to working as a full partner with the EU, Bangladesh, and the ILO to implement the goals of the Compact, many of which are broadly consistent with the GSP action plan we are releasing today. At the same time, the United States will pursue additional concrete actions required under the GSP action plan, such as increasing sanctions for labor violations sufficient to deter future misconduct, publicly reporting on the outcome of union registration applications, establishing an effective complaint mechanism for labor violations, and ending violence and harassment of labor activists and unions.

 

ReBlog: IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 11:20 AM 0 comments


Summary of the Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions for 2013: 2nd Quarter

 

U.S. Census

 

Summary of the Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions for 2013: 2nd Quarter

http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/governments/cb13-tps85.html

or

http://www.census.gov/govs/qpr/

 

Information Sheet

http://www2.census.gov/govs/qpr/2013/g13_qspp2.pdf

[full-text, 2 pages

 

Historical Data

http://www.census.gov/econ/currentdata/

 

 

This quarterly survey (formerly known as the Finances of Selected State and Local Government Employee Retirement Systems Survey) provides national summary statistics on the revenues, expenditures and composition of assets of the 100 largest state and local public employee retirement systems in the United States. These 100 systems comprise 89.4 percent of financial activity among such entities, based on the 2007 Census of Governments. This survey presents the most current statistics about investment decisions by state and local public employee retirement systems, which are among the largest types of institutional investors in the U.S. financial markets. These statistical tables are published three months after each calendar quarter and show national financial transactions and trends for the past five years.

 

 


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 11:19 AM 0 comments


Responding To Worker Displacement: A Collection Of Case Studies

 

ILO

Skills and Employability Department (EMP/SKIllS)

 

Responding To Worker Displacement: A Collection Of Case Studies

http://www.ilo.org/skills/pubs/WCMS_222181/lang--en/index.htm

or

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_222181.pdf

 

This publication is intended as a companion reader to an earlier publication

‘A Guide to worker displacement: Some tools for reducing the impact on workers, communities and enterprises’ (ILO; 2001, 2009)

http://www.ilo.org/skills/pubs/WCMS_103594/lang--en/index.htm

or

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_103594.pdf

 

The collection presents examples from Australia, China, the Czech Republic, Egypt, Germany, Mexico, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Each case study illustrates the principles for fair responses which have been set out in the Guide and collectively demonstrate the diversity of actions which have resulted from effective social dialogue and collaborative interaction in managing labour market adjustments under a variety of circumstances.

 

ReBlog


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 11:18 AM 0 comments


Feasibility Study For A Global Business Network On Apprenticeship

ILO

Skills and Employability Department (EMP/SKIllS)

 

Feasibility Study For A Global Business Network On Apprenticeship

http://www.ilo.org/skills/pubs/WCMS_222180/lang--en/index.htm

or

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_222180.pdf

 

There is a growing interest in apprenticeship in the business world due to its potential to make a meaningful contribution to resolving the youth employment crisis and the prospect of developing a well-trained and productive workforce. In response to the interest expressed by business leaders, the ILO, in collaboration with the International Employers Organization, conducted a feasibility study to explore options for developing a global business network on apprenticeships for youth employment.

 

The research gathered information from businesses about their current apprenticeship programmes and sought their views on how an international network could be valuable to them. This field work was carried out in six countries: Argentina, India, Germany, South Africa, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. On the basis of information and experience collected from businesses and other interested parties in selected sectors and countries, the study documented country apprenticeship practices, explored the expected mandate and objectives of this network, identified the types of services that would be valued, ascertained the possible degree of commitment of potential members, and examined options for the network’s governance structure and viable financing mechanisms.

 

ReBlog:  IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 11:16 AM 0 comments


Localization Barriers to Trade: Threat to the Global Innovation Economy

 

Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF)

 

Localization Barriers to Trade: Threat to the Global Innovation Economy [25 September 2013]

by Stephen Ezell,Robert D. Atkinson and Michelle Wein

http://www.itif.org/publications/localization-barriers-trade-threat-global-innovation-economy

or

http://www2.itif.org/2013-localization-barriers-to-trade.pdf

[full-text, 94 pages]

 

In the aftermath of the Great Recession an increasing number of countries, including China, India and Brazil, have come to embrace a new kind of protectionist trade policy that seeks to pressure foreign enterprises to "localize" economic activity in order to create domestic jobs. Not content to trust the global trade and investment system, these nations are putting in place an array of unfair trade practices to promote local production in lieu of imports. These practices, called localization barriers to trade, include measures such as local content requirements, forced offsets, and forced intellectual property or technology transfer as a condition of market access. These policies inflict significant damage on the countries affected by them, the broader global economy, and even, ironically, the very nations that implement them. This report offers an innovative typology of trade and development strategies, documents the extent of localization barriers to trade U.S. enterprises face in global markets, and offers policy responses that can assist in creating a new global trade regime that favors rules- and market-based trade while supporting the modern knowledge- and innovation-based global economy.

 

ReBlog: IWS


# posted by Digital Library Sphere @ 11:15 AM 0 comments


County Employment And Wages First Quarter 2013

County Employment And Wages First Quarter 2013 [26 September 2013]

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cewqtr.nr0.htm

or

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cewqtr.pdf

[full-text, 22 pages]

 

From March 2012 to March 2013, employment increased in 282 of the 334 largest U.S. counties, the

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Fort Bend, Texas, posted the largest increase, with a

gain of 7.0 percent over the year, compared with national job growth of 1.6 percent. Within Fort Bend,

the largest employment increase occurred in leisure and hospitality, which gained 2,204 jobs over the

year (12.5 percent). Sangamon, Ill., had the largest over-the-year decrease in employment among the

largest counties in the U.S. with a loss of 2.4 percent. County employment and wage data are compiled

under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which produces detailed

information on county employment and wages within 6 months after the end of each quarter.

 

The U.S. average weekly wage increased over the year by 0.6 percent to $989 in the first quarter of

2013. San Mateo, Calif., had the largest over-the-year increase in average weekly wages with a gain of

14.8 percent. Within San Mateo, an average weekly wage gain of $2,996 or 104.1 percent in information

had the largest contribution to the increase in average weekly wages. Williamson, Texas, experienced the

largest decrease in average weekly wages with a loss of 13.4 percent over the year.

 

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